Gov. Wolf Releases 2021 PA Climate Action Plan, Calls For Action Now On Climate Change
On September 22, Gov. Tom Wolf announced the Pennsylvania Climate Action Plan 2021 and called for statewide action on climate change by all sectors: legislative, government, industry, business, agriculture, and community organizations.
“As thousands of Pennsylvanians try to recover from historic flooding and tornadoes related to the remnants of Ida this month, the message is clear: we must move now out of a reactive mode on climate change,” said Gov. Tom Wolf. “Across sectors, leadership requires knowledge, tools, and proactive approaches to protect Pennsylvanians from the instability set off by the climbing global temperature. In addition to adapting to the level of impacts we’re already experiencing, we must significantly lower greenhouse gas emissions if we’re to prevent worsening impacts.”
Lowering Greenhouse Gas Emissions
In 2019, Gov. Wolf set Pennsylvania’s first greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals: a 26 percent reduction by 2025 and an 80 percent reduction by 2050, compared to 2005 baseline levels. [Read more here.]
Pennsylvania Climate Action Plan 2021 shows that statewide greenhouse gas emissions overall were nearly 19 percent lower in 2017 (the latest year for which data were available for the plan) than they were in 2005.
Emissions decreased from electricity generation, residential and commercial fuel use, and transportation and increased from mining, oil, and natural gas operations and industrial-process heating fuel use.
Pennsylvania Climate Action Plan 2021 details 18 actions that will meet the 2025 and 2050 statewide emissions goals, if partners across sectors start now and carry them out within five years, 10 years, and 10+ years.
Actions are needed in electricity generation, transportation, industry, residential and commercial building, agriculture, fuel supply, and, to help increase carbon capture and sequestration, land and forest management.
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fuel supply (e.g., by transitioning from oil or natural gas to electricity or biogas) and industrial sources (e.g., by switching from single-use oil-fired boilers to biogas-fired co-generation) will be key to reaching the 2025 goal.
Switching electricity generation to renewable and nuclear energy sources, increasing industrial energy efficiency and fuel switching, and increasing use of electric vehicles offer the greatest potential for reaching the 2050 goal.
The plan shows that implementing the 18 strategies will generate an average of 42,000 new jobs yearly by 2050. Jobs will be economywide, such as in clean energy, manufacturing, energy efficiency installation, supply chain, and other occupations.
If action isn’t stepped up, Pennsylvania’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2050 will exceed 2005 levels.
“We need to cut emissions significantly more to protect Pennsylvanians from worsening climate change impacts,” said DEP Secretary Patrick McDonnell. “The good news is, we’ve made a start. The even better news is, there are number of tools at hand that can quickly boost our progress.”
These tools include:
— Joining 11 other Northeast states in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) [Read more here],
— Requiring commercial buildings to meet higher energy efficiency standards,
— Increasing use of electric vehicles [Read more here],
— Increasing the Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards to require electricity generators to get more of their energy from clean renewable sources [Read more here],
— Increasing the energy savings requirements for electric distribution companies (thereby boosting residential and commercial electrical energy efficiency) [Read more here],
— Requiring gas utilities to meet similar energy savings requirements [Read more here], and
— Increasing capture of biogenic methane from non-fossil sources, including animal manure, food waste, and landfill gas, for use in commercial and industrial properties.
Adapting to Climate Change Impacts
Pennsylvania Climate Impacts Assessment 2021, announced in May, noted six areas that are at especially high risk of climate change impacts: public health, overburdened and vulnerable populations, infrastructure, agriculture, recreation and tourism, and forests, ecosystems, and wildlife. [Read more here.]
Pennsylvania Climate Action Plan 2021 charts adaptation pathways for each. Steps to learn the vulnerabilities and prepare for impacts in each area are identified. These are followed by five to 10 actions to reduce the vulnerabilities and manage the impacts.
For example, already overburdened and vulnerable Pennsylvanians are at disproportionate risk from rising temperatures, heatwaves, and flooding.
They include the nearly 30 percent of Pennsylvanians who live in Environmental Justice areas that have experienced decades of disinvestment.
Many actions that leaders can take to help protect these Pennsylvanians are identified:
— Identifying partners and setting metrics to track the equity of impacts and solutions;
— Identifying opportunities to engage meaningfully and partner with community-based organizations and residents;
— Establishing climate equity goals through collaborative convening;
— Identifying opportunities for, and investing in, community capacity-building; for example, creating grants for resilience projects such as a flood-protected community center with a green roof;
— Supporting vulnerable residents when integrating climate risks into local planning; for example, supporting informal heat wave coping practices in emergency planning;
— Improving infrastructure to reduce heat and flooding impacts, such as planting trees and creating cooling shelters in areas with many low-income families and reducing application barriers to flood mitigation grant funding; and
— Training homeless shelter staff and faith leaders on heat and flooding hazards and providing supporting supplies; and more actions.
The greatest climate change impacts on infrastructure will come from flooding and landslides.
“Only a few weeks ago, the remnants of Ida dumped rain on Pennsylvania for nearly 24 hours, as well as high winds and even tornadoes, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars in damage at over 1,200 locations around the state,” said PennDOT Secretary Yassmin Gramian. “Heavy rains and extreme weather wreak havoc on our transportation infrastructure. These are real-world impacts of our changing climate.”
The greatest impacts on agriculture will come from warmer, wetter winters, including flooding.
“Agriculture is zip code neutral — it touches every life across Pennsylvania,” Agriculture Secretary Russell Redding said. “So is climate change. From the stresses of intense, prolonged heat; to severe flooding that destroys crops, eroding soil and polluting our waterways; to an environment that is more hospitable to invasive species, climate change threatens our food supply and impacts our lives and livelihoods. The Department of Agriculture is committed to a comprehensive, collaborative approach to seeking solutions to ensure a resilient, sustainable future for Pennsylvania.”
The greatest impacts on forests, ecosystems, wildlife, and recreation and tourism will come from rising average temperatures.
“A more resilient and sustainable Pennsylvania relies on the steps we all take to protect and expand forest land, grow our acres of streamside forest buffers, and help communities with urban trees and green infrastructure,” DCNR Secretary Cindy Adams Dunn said. “In addition to sequestering carbon, these natural solutions will help people and wildlife adapt to warmer temperatures as well as improve air and water quality, and address flooding.”
As a result of increasing greenhouse gas emissions from human activity, Pennsylvania’s average temperature has risen nearly 2 degrees Fahrenheit since 1900, according to state, federal and local data in Pennsylvania Climate Impacts Assessment 2021.
Pennsylvania is on course to climb another 5.9 degrees by the middle decades of this century. [Read more here]
Rising temperatures are intensifying extreme weather events, from flooding and tornadoes in southeast and southcentral counties this month, to record water levels in Lake Erie in 2019, to flooding that led to U.S. Department of Agriculture disaster declarations in 33 counties in 2018.
For the complete Pennsylvania Climate Action Plan 2021 and a booklet overview, as well as many other resources for statewide climate action, visit DEP’s Climate Change webpage.
“Climate change is real and has been happening for thousands of years, yet what is consistently lacking in DEP’s self-authored Climate Action Plan is acknowledgement of the progress Pennsylvania has made over the past decade in reducing emissions – a 41 percent reduction since 2010.
“The Plan refuses to admit that these successes have no impact on a global scale.
“We have to stop fooling ourselves that fossil fuels are to blame. Without fossil fuels, there can be NO clean or “green” energy.
“The Climate Action Plan repeatedly references “clean energy” while ignoring that fossil fuels are needed for every aspect of unreliable renewables.
“How are wind turbines and solar panels made? They don’t just fall out of the sky. There is a manufacturing process involved with all of these efforts, a manufacturing process that uses machinery and involves the mining of rare earth elements.
“Completely eliminating fossil fuels is not going to solve the problem of climate change.
‘U.S. emissions now account for just 14 percent of global emissions, down from 25 percent two decades ago. During that same time period, China’s total emissions jumped from 13 percent of the world’s carbon emissions up to 30 percent.
“This administration has pushed an agenda that involves an ineffective climate policy, the cornerstone of which includes joining the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI).
“The Climate Action Plan is used as justification for joining RGGI, yet participating in RGGI will cost thousands of direct and indirect Pennsylvania jobs, and reduce carbon dioxide emissions by less than 1 percent over the next 10 years.
“Does that make any logical sense?
“The Independent Fiscal Office reported earlier this month that in 2020 Pennsylvania sent 79 million megawatt hours to other states – RGGI states that don’t produce their own electricity, but are happy to take from Pennsylvania’s abundant production.
“Joining RGGI will certainly make Pennsylvania less competitive and more energy dependent on other states that don’t tax their coal and natural gas generation. Pennsylvania is the engine powering other states.
“Instead of constantly apologizing for our energy position, this administration should be applauding industry action and promoting technologies to reduce emissions in the oil, gas, and coal industries, and champion affiliations like Project Canary, which help these companies responsibly reduce emissions.
“We actually have technology here in Pennsylvania to construct coal-fired electric generation plants, which capture 100 percent of CO2 emissions. Our goal should be to encourage and support these new ideas.”